References - Back Your Inner Athlete

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  2. WHO Statistics: http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_inactivity/en/
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  4. Macfarlane, G.J., Thomas, E., Papageorgiou, A.C., et al. (1997). Employment and Physical Work Activities as Predictors of Future Low Back Pain. Spine, 22 (10), 1143-1149
  5. Negrini, S., & Carabalona, R. (2002). Backpacks on! Schoolchildren’s Perceptions of Load, Associations With Back Pain and Factors Determining the Load. Spine, 27(2), 187-195. 
  6. Briggs, A.M., Smith, A.J., Straker, L.M., Bragge, P. (2009). Thoracic spine pain in the general population: Prevalence, incidence and associated factors in children, adolescents and adults. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 10:77 June 2009 
  7. Orloff, HA., Rapp, CM. (2004) The Effects of Load Carriage on Spinal Curvature and Posture. Spine. June 15, 2004; Vol. 29, No. 12, pp. 1325-1329 
  8. Chansirinukor W, Wilson D, Grimmer K and Dansie B (2001): Effects of backpacks on students: Measurement of cervical and shoulder posture. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy 47: 110-116
  9. S Negrini*, F Zaina, S Atanasio, C Fusco and M Taiana. (2009) Adolescent soccer is correlated with an increase of kyphosis but a reduction of low back pain: a controlled cross-sectional survey. 6th International Conference on Conservative Management of Spinal Deformities. Oral Presentation. Retrieved 11th March 2010 from http://biomedgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/60/5.toc
  10. Payne, M.R. (2010). Why Posture Matters (part III). The American Chiropractor (March 2010).
  11. Kirk, R., Franz, R., Hoirlis, K., Stiles, A. (2010). Effects of a Short Trial of Posture Exercises on Forward Head and Forward Shoulder Posture in Healthy Adults. Life University. The Journal of Chiropractic Education, Vol 24, 1, 2010.
  12. Ventura, J. Back pain and pregnancy. (n.d.) Retrieved 9 March, 2010 from http://www.posturepal.com/html/back_pain_and_pregnancy.html.
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  14. Macfarlane, G.J., Thomas, E., Papageorgiou, A.C., et al. (1997). Employment and Physical Work Activities as Predictors of Future Low Back Pain. Spine, 22 (10), 1143-1149
  15. Choudhary, B.S., Sapur, S., Deb, P. S. (2000) Forward Head Posture is the Cause of ‘Straight Spine Syndrome’ in Many Professionals. Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine  4 (3), 122—124.
  16. Ruud, M. (n.d.)Proper Posture for Computer Use. Retrieved on March 12th 2010 from http://hubpages.com/hub/Proper_Posture_for_Computer_Use
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  18. http://www.westcoastfamilychiropractic.com/Three-Powerful-Exercises-To-Improve-Posture-While-Doing-Housework-or-Yard-Work.html
  19. http://www.kansaschirofoundation.org/goodposture-article.html
  20. Always Connected: How Smartphones and social keep us engaged
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  23. Kado, D.M., Huang, M-H., Barrett-Connor, E., Greendale, G.A. (2005) Hyperkyphotic Posture and Poor Physical Functional Ability in Older Community-Dwelling Men and Women: The Rancho Bernardo Study. Journals of Gerontology: Biological Sciences. 60(5), 633-637
  24. Bean, P. (2009). Ecollo website. Retrieved march 14th 2010 from http://www.ecollo.com/post/2009/03/Common-gardening-injuries-and-how-to-avoid-them.aspx